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发表于 2015-1-19 16:53:08 |显示全部楼层
  No matter how frequently ____, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences. (CET-4 1995,6)
      A) performing B) performed C) to be performed D) being performed
      本句中贝多芬的作品被反复表演,可见分词与句子的主语之间是被动关系,应该用过去分词,故答案为B.
      ____as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention. (CET-4 1996,1)
      A) Being published B) Published C) Publishing D) To be published
      本句中as引导的是让步状语从句,意思为:他的作品尽管在被这样的时候出版,还是引起了关注,可见分词与句子的主语之间是被动关系,应该用过去分词,故答案为B.
      2)“while ( when, once, until, if ,
      though等连词)+分词”结构现在分词或过去分词作状语时,有时可以在分词前加while,when, once, although, until,
      if等连词。
      【例如】
      When leaving the airport, she waved again and again to us.
While waiting for the train, I had a long talk with my sister about her work..
      Once recovered, he threw himself into his work and made every effort to do it well.
      Although working very hard, he failed to pass the final exam. If translated word by word, the passage will be difficult to understand.
      3)分词作定语分词作定语时,单个的分词通常放在被修饰的名词之前,分词短语一般置于所修饰的中心词后面。现在分词修饰的是发出该动作的名词(即与名词有主谓关系),过去分词修饰承受该动作的名词(即与名词是动宾关系)。
      【例如】
      We will go on with our experiment as soon as we get the added fund.
      This is really an exhausting day to all of us!
      We can see the part of the moon lighted by sunlight.
      After a night spent in excitement and sleeplessness, I forced myself to take a long walk along the beach the next day.
      More and more developing countries established strategic partnership with developed countries.
      The young sitting between my sister and my brother is my cousin Jack.
      As early as 1649 Ohio made a decision that free, tax-supported schools must be established in every town ____50 households or more. (CET-4 1998,1)
      A) having   B) to have C) to have had D) having had Town
      后面由分词做定语,而且town本身有50或以上人家,故town与分词间为主谓关系,应该用现在分词,答案为A。
      4)分词作宾语补足语现在分词在see, watch, hear, observe, notice, feel, find, glimpse, glance等感官动词和look at, listen to等短语动词以及have, keep, get, catch, leave, set, start, send等使役动词后面与名词或代词构成复合宾语,作宾语补语的成分。
      【例如】
      On the top of the hill, we could see smoke rising from the chimneys in the village.
      The little boy sat beside the railway line and watched the trains roaring by.
      We should not leave him wondering what he should do.
      I am sorry to have kept you waiting for such a long time.
      I caught him dozing off in class.
      过去分词可以在allow, ask, consider, desire, expect, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, like, make, observe, order, permit, prefer, remember,
      request, require, see, urge动词等后面作宾语补足语。
      【例如】
      After my encounter with her, I found myself greatly shaken. You should keep her informed of what is going on here. The teacher expected the students well prepared for the examination.
      在动词see, hear, feel, watch, notice,perceive,observe, listen to, look
      at后既可用现在分词做补语,也可用不定式做补语。用现在分词表示动作正在进行,用不定式表示的动作的全过程已经完成。
      【例如】
      I saw Mr. White get off a bus.
      I saw Mr. White looking into a shop window.
      ——Do you hear someone knocking at the door?
      ——Yes, I did. I heard him knock three times.
      5)分词作表语分词作表语通常看作形容词来用。现在分词表示主语的性质,而且主语多为物;过去分词表示主语的感受或状态,主语多为人。
      【例如】
      The film “Pearl Harbor” is really exciting. I am excited about it.
      His response to the question was quite disappointing. I felt disappointed at his response.
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